Home / Diabetes / Diabetes Retinopathy: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatments

Diabetes Retinopathy: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatments



Definition
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness.

Symptoms
You might not have symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As the condition progresses, diabetic retinopathy symptoms may include:
– Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
– Blurred vision
– Fluctuating vision
– Impaired color vision
– Dark or empty areas in your vision
– Vision loss

Causes
Over time, too much sugar in your blood can lead to the blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels. But these new blood vessels don’t develop properly and can leak easily.

Risk factors
Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk of developing the eye condition can increase as a result of:
– Duration of diabetes — the longer you have diabetes, the greater your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy
– Poor control of your blood sugar level
– High blood pressure
– High cholesterol
– Pregnancy
– Tobacco use
– Being black, Hispanic or Native American

Prevention
If you have diabetes, reduce your risk of getting diabetic retinopathy by doing the following:
– Manage your diabetes
– Monitor your blood sugar level
– Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control
– If you smoke or use other types of tobacco, ask your doctor to help you quit
– Pay attention to vision changes
– Ask your doctor about a glycosylated hemoglobin test

Treatments
Treatment, which depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is, is geared to slowing or stopping progression of the condition.

1. Early diabetic retinopathy
If you have mild or moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may not need treatment right away. However, your eye doctor will closely monitor your eyes to determine when you might need treatment. When diabetic retinopathy is mild or moderate, good blood sugar control can usually slow the progression.

2. Advanced diabetic retinopathy
If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy or macular edema, you’ll need prompt surgical treatment.
Focal laser treatment
This laser treatment, also known as photocoagulation, can stop or slow the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye. During the procedure, leaks from abnormal blood vessels are treated with laser burns.
Scatter laser treatment
This laser treatment, also known as panretinal photocoagulation, can shrink the abnormal blood vessels. During the procedure, the areas of the retina away from the macula are treated with scattered laser burns. The burns cause the abnormal new blood vessels to shrink and scar.
Vitrectomy
This procedure uses a tiny incision in your eye to remove blood from the middle of the eye (vitreous) as well as scar tissue that’s tugging on the retina. It’s done in a surgery center or hospital using local or general anesthesia.

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17 comments

  1. I had been clinically determined to have diabetes several months ago. I am currently 64 years old. I cannot believe that I`ve got diabetic issues and it frightens me that I will also endure the same hardships like my dad did. One good thing is, I have found this brilliant guide “amazing fivu com” (Google it). Based on my initial test results, I have 7.3 A1C and 183 for my glucose level. After a week of reading the plan, I`ve managed to lessen my A1C to 5.9.

  2. I lost my one eye due to daibtac is there any treatment

  3. There's still hope for people who can't afford to go to a doctor. I'm half blind once for consuming too much softdrinks, first I see flashing rainbow light on my right peripherals and don't know what to do. I just completely cut off my sugar consumption or anything sweet from my diet. a month later I'm completely cured. No medications.

  4. You're so stupid. Don't you realize that people with vision problems might look this video up dummy

  5. It's stupid because people with vision problems are watching this video and they can't read. Think about it if somebody looks this s*** up they usually have a vision problem. And your stupid ass put it in writing how stupid is this mother f***

  6. What kind of life is this where there are so many causes of problems and pain in the world

  7. Don't you think a video for people who can't see well should have been more audio??

  8. thank goodness i don’t have diabetes

  9. हमारे प्राकृतिक मिनिरल और सप्पलीमेंट के माध्यम से DIABETES:- मधुमेह / SUGAR में फ़ायदा

    मधुमेह: ब्‍लड में शुगर का स्‍तर बढ़ने से डायबिटीज हो जाता है। मधुमेह (madhumeha) के मरीज को थकान और प्‍यास लगने के अलाव कई समस्‍याओं का सामना करना पड़ता है। तनाव भरा मा‍हौल डायबिटीज रोगी को और अधिक बीमार कर सकता है। डायबिटीज मरीजों के लिए अच्छा वातावरण होना बहुत जरूरी है।

    हमारे शरीर को निरोगी रखने के लिए तीन मुख्य चीज़ों की ज़रूरत होती है, हवा, पानी, और भोजन ,इसमे सबसे ज़्यादा महत्वपूर्ण होता है पानी जो हमारे शरीर के अलग-अलग अंगो मे करीब 70% होता हैं , अगर हमारे पीने का पानी संपूर्ण हो यानी आल्कलाइन (क्षारिया) और मिनरल युक्त रहे तो हमारे शरीर को निरोगी रखने मे मदत मिलती है. आल्कलाइन नॅचुरल मिनरल वॉटर हमारे शरीर से विषैले तत्व (टोकक्सिंसे) निकालने मे मदत करता है जो हमारे खाने औरे हवा के ज़रिए हमारे शरीर मे जाता है, बॉडी सेल्स :Body Cells को रेपैयर : Repaire और रीजर्नरेट : Regenerate करता है.

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    हमारे प्राकृतिक मिनिरल और सप्पलीमेंट के माध्यम से DIABETES:- मधुमेह / SUGAR में फ़ायदा

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  10. Very Very Informative Thanks

  11. My girlfriend has diabetes type one, and is completely blind. If anyone has any knowledge to offer me, please post. God bless.

  12. Risk factor in being Hispanic? Well damn, I'm fucked. :v

  13. Treatment of vision retinopathy

    Athwal Eye centre provides laser surgery and medication injections for the treament process. The laser surgery is provided by Best surgeon in new jersey.

  14. very informative but u going too fast. cannot read everything on the screen.

  15. This is a really good video but it needs to be narrated for people with vision impairments!

  16. excellent video thanks you for sharing, lots information

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